Read the Summary of Findings from the 162 page report issued August 10, 2016 by the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division. The report documented extensive racial-based policing practices and impact validating claims and expectations of the African American community but angering the police community and others as being unduly inflammatory stoking hostile reactions against the police. See the full report at https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/3009376/BPD-Findings-Report-FINAL.pdf
The criticism is summarized in an article in The National Review, August 11, 2016, states: “As long as police are vilified, more black lives will be lost in high-crime.” http://www.nationalreview.com/article/438900/baltimore-police-report-justice-department-blind-realities-crime)
- BPD Engages in a Pattern or Practice of Conduct that Violates the United States Constitution and Laws, and Conduct that Raises Serious Concerns including Unconstitutional Stops, Searches, and Arrests.
- BPD’s Unconstitutional Stops, Searches, and Arrests Result from a Longstanding Practice of Overly Aggressive Street Enforcement with Deficient Oversight and Policy Guidance.
- BPD Discriminates Against African Americans in its Enforcement Activities.
- BPD’s Enforcement Activities Disproportionately Impact African Americans Suggesting Intentional Discrimination and Exacerbating Community Distrust
- BPD Uses Unreasonable Force Resulting From Overly Aggressive Tactics That Unnecessarily Escalate Encounters and Result in Excessive Force
- BPD Uses Unreasonable Force Against Individuals with a Mental Health Disability and Those in Crisis and Fails to Make Reasonable Modifications When Interacting with Individuals with Mental Health Disabilities
- BPD Uses Unreasonable Force Against Juveniles And Ignores Widely Accepted Strategies For Police Interactions With Youth.
- BPD Uses Unreasonable Force Against People Who Are Not a Threat to Officers or the Public
- BPD’s Deficient Policies, Training, Crisis Intervention Program, and Lack of Oversight Underlie The Pattern Or Practice Of Excessive Force and Violations of the Americans With Disabilities Act
- BPD’s Transport Practices Create a Significant Risk of Harm
- BPD Unlawfully Restricts Protected Speech by Detaining and Arresting Members of the Public for Protected Speech
- BPD Retaliates by Using Force Against Individuals Who Engage in Protected Speech
- BPD’s Handling of Sexual Assault Investigations Raises Serious Concerns of Gender-Biased Policing Including Gender Bias in BPD’s Response to Sexual Assault
- BPD Fails to Adequately Investigate Reports of Sexual Assault
- Systemic Deficiencies in BPD’s Practices Contribute to Constitutional Violations, Erode Community Trust, and Inhibit Effective Policing
- BPD Fails to Adequately Supervise Its Officers’ Enforcement Activities.
- BPD Does Not Provide Adequate Policy Guidance and Training to its Officers.
- BPD Does Not Adequately Supervise Officers or Collect and Analyze Data on their Activities
- BPD Fails to Adequately Support its Officers
- BPD Fails to Hold Officers Accountable for Misconduct
- BPD Lacks Adequate Systems to Investigate Complaints and Impose Discipline
- BPD’s Internal Culture is Resistant to Effective Discipline.
- BPD Does Not Coordinate with Other Agencies Appropriately
- The Relationship Between the Police and the Community in Baltimore Is Broken
- BPD Fails to Engage in Effective Community Policing or Implement Community Policing Principles
- BPD Recognizes that It Must Improve Its Relationship with the Communities It Serves, But Much Work Remains